Estate planning involves asset valuation for purposes of taxation, financial and investment planning, and future distribution to heirs and beneficiaries of record. New York Department of Taxation and Finance (“DTF”) guidelines for ad valorem real property taxation of estates is defined by the standards of the Office of Real Property Tax Services (“ORPTS”). The Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (“USPAP”) is basis to New York guidelines for property valuation, including the statistical techniques and professional appraisal practices. The USPAP is informed by both federal and state laws; as well as precedent setting case record; and rules and regulations of the ORPTS. Estate planners should be aware of the rules to ethical best practice when working with an appraiser during the valuation process.
Ethical Standards of Valuation
The New York ethical standards of valuation as described by the USPAP, are divided into four (4) four categories best practices: